The Human Mind


Part 2

Manipulated Communities and Populations



by Manfred Davidmann

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SUMMARY

This report The Human Mind describes a mind theory which allows for telepathic contacts between people and details the available evidence.

Taking a different approach from customary experimentation on volunteers, the investigation was based on the assumption that if there were people who had pronounced telepathic abilities then they would be using their abilities. They would be using these abilities secretly, either for selfish gain and afraid of being found out, or to assist other people and afraid of how people might react when realising that their thoughts could be available to others. So people with telepathic abilities would not volunteer for experiments relating to telepathy. But if there are telepaths using their abilities then such activities can be observed by their effects.

The report describes previously reported work by others which shows that telepathic activity is well known and documented. A considerable amount of telepathic activity is taking place. The mind theories of Freud and of Jung are then reviewed and the 'Group Mind' theory is outlined.

Included in the report are comprehensive but concise reviews of mental health and mental illness, of why people are struggling and what they are struggling against, of the way in which society is organised, of dominance, conflict and co-operation.

The subconscious existence and workings of group minds become apparent by the extraordinary way in which they affect and determine what individuals and communities do. The sections of this report which deal with how we live and struggle, with the way our communities and societies are organised and function, describe how our minds shape our lives, communities and society, and uncover the workings of group minds.

The Group Mind theory of the way in which human minds work is proved by the way in which it explains and predicts human activities and organisation as well as mental problems of individuals and society's social problems. Its insights enable us to solve such problems effectively.


This report 'The Human Mind' on how human minds work and operate, on human group minds, consists of four consecutive parts {17}:

1. The Human Group Mind and How It Works

Describes previously reported work by others which shows that telepathic activity is well known and documented, and looks closely at the work of Freud and of Jung.

The 'Group Mind' theory is outlined and described. There are sections which discuss how conflict arises within the mind, mental health and illness, dominance, creativity and hearing voices.

Shows how our minds shape our lives, communities and society.

2. Manipulated Communities and Populations

The workings of group minds is shown to explain how human communities and society are organised and the consequent confrontations and struggles from dictatorship to democracy.

Discusses how mass media are forming and manipulating public opinions and illustrates how writers and artists have been sensing and expressing the underlying subconscious reality.

3. Manipulated Individuals

Shows how emotional unreasoning behaviour is being reinforced to make it easier to mislead and exploit.

Reviews available information on incidence and causes of psychosomatic illnesses.

4. Freedom, Liberty and Good Life: Overcoming Corrupt Manipulations

The Group Mind theory of the way in which human minds work is proved in Parts 1-3 by the way in which it explains and predicts human activities and organisation as well as mental problems of individuals and society's social problems. Its insights enable us to solve such problems effectively.

When individuals, communities and populations are manipulated, then behaviour is all-important. Part 4 shows how we can overcome corrupt manipulations, how behaviour determines our standard of living and the quality of our lives, and describes the kind of behaviour and social organisation on which depend liberty, freedom and a good and secure life for all.



CONTENTS

Introduction

What People Are Struggling Against: How Society is Organised for Controlling and Exploiting People
Social System
Corrupted Economics and Misleading Experts
Companies, Enterprises
Role of Government
Profit (Exploitation) Maximising
Authoritarian Struggle to Take Over and Control Decision-taking by Transferring it to Leaders
Agreements Between Top-level Leaderships
Secrecy and Publicity

Authoritarian Management, Leadership and Government
Dominating Individuals, Struggling with Each Other
Dominating People
Obedience to Authority
Power Corrupts

Participative Management, Leadership and Government
The Meaning of 'Democracy'
Participative Organisation

Forming and Manipulating Public Opinion

Artists and Writers Speak

Appendix 1
Creative Writers, Artists and Producers Describe and Portray

Notes <..> and References {..}

Relevant Current and Associated Works

Relevant Subject Index Pages and Site Overview



INTRODUCTION

We saw in Part 1 of this Group Mind theory {17} that earlier work had indicated that people had to struggle against those who wished to dominate other people.

So four studies were undertaken to obtain a better understanding of why people have to struggle throughout their adult lives, in all countries and organisations, at all levels, to maintain and improve their standard of living and quality of life. The main report {22} brought together the key findings from these studies. Its conclusions are reproduced in the following section.

The workings of group minds is then shown to explain how human communities and society are organised from dictatorship to democracy, and the consequent confrontations and struggles.

This part of the Group Mind theory concludes by discussing how mass media are forming and manipulating public opinions and illustrates how writers and artists have been sensing and expressing the underlying subconscious reality.



WHAT PEOPLE ARE STRUGGLING AGAINST: HOW SOCIETY IS ORGANISED FOR CONTROLLING AND EXPLOITING PEOPLE

The findings reached by the studies on what people are struggling against are summarised in the main report {22}. Its conclusions are highly relevant and are reproduced below.


SOCIAL SYSTEM

Top-level leadership, directors, are motivated by pay in its various forms, by greater wealth and by greater influence which includes dispensing patronage, and by power. The pay of directors is what owners decide to pay themselves and their directors, and increases with increasing influence and power. Considering mergers and take-overs, we see top-level leaderships battling with each other for more power, for greater control, over people and resources.

The system is organised so that a few, a relatively very few, people at the top take the key decisions.

We see a pattern of differentials which rewards service to the owners and their establishment rather than ability or service to the community. The pay of directors is what owners decide to pay themselves.

Society and our activities are organised and controlled to enable possessions and wealth to be accumulated by a few people at the expense of the population.

What we see is a system where owners and top-level leaderships enrich themselves by taking or using and risking other people's moneys.


CORRUPTED ECONOMICS AND MISLEADING EXPERTS

Misleading biased interpretations and pronouncements are made in the name of 'economics' which relate to exploiting people at work, as citizens, and in the market-place. It appears that misleading and inappropriate terms are used which confuse instead of illuminate, and which seem intended to confuse.


An expert is supposed to advise to the best of his ability, knowledge, skill and experience and is responsible, that is accountable, for the quality of his advice. Responsible, that is accountable, to those he is advising.

But employers have a strong influence on what their employees say in public and employees are likely to be advocating viewpoints which are employer-serving instead of being people-serving and community-serving.

Too often do experts tell people what the expert thinks is good for the people to do. Too often it is the expert who decides or who attempts to compel others to do as told.


COMPANIES, ENTERPRISES

Leaving aside economic theorising about what should be {13}, and looking only at what is actually taking place, we see that companies and enterprises are the means for exploiting not just the employees but the community and society as a whole for the benefit of only a few people at or near the top.

The source of profit (surplus) is money collected from customers, is money which belonged to customers.

Owners take the profits but have transferred much of their own risk to other people.

Without giving customers a choice, companies (owners) also simply take their customers' moneys

for getting back money already spent on the business and

for expanding the business without giving the community corresponding ownership rights.

Even co-operatives and mutual aid societies (building societies, credit unions) have been retaining some of their members' profits each year, for no apparent valid reason, accumulating these moneys for over 150 years <2>. By continually adding these moneys to their reserves they have become rich and powerful. Their chief executives and directors have become powerful, influential, and well paid.


Ownership laws which assign ownership 'rights' to owners have been devised by the owners themselves or by those who serve them.

No banker, no financial institution, no shareholder would dream of giving away their capital without making sure of retaining ownership and control over this money, through the transfer of corresponding securities and ownership rights, and of direct and indirect participation in the resulting profits.


But all the moneys mentioned above are being taken legally from customers who are the owners of these moneys by the owners of corporations. They are taken by corporations (their owners) without in return giving corresponding ownership rights to their customers or the community.


Ownership of land and means of production, of funds and wealth, has always been accumulated at someone else's expense. All belonged to the community, belonged to all alike.


Company pension funds in the UK run into many GBP billions and between them own, and thus are in position to influence and control, much if not most of UK's equities. Including company credit unions and providers of private pensions, such moneys and funds represent the working population's savings.

Instead of being under the control of those who contributed, these moneys are in effect placed under the control of a few people at the top who in this way gain power and influence, are enabled to dispense patronage (and support each other), gain high incomes and much wealth.


ROLE OF GOVERNMENT

Government serves business enterprises (companies, owners) by

Transferring taxpayers' moneys to enterprises.

Condoning tax avoidance by enterprises (making good the loss by collecting more taxes from the population).

Using taxpayers' moneys to pay operating costs of enterprises.

It serves business enterprises and the rich by

Condoning tax avoidance by the rich.

Taxing the working population more severely.

So we see taxpayers' moneys being used in different ways to enlarge the profits of companies and thus of their owners, and to make the rich even richer.

Vast amounts are handed over yearly in such ways and increase the wealth and power of a small number of people without any corresponding return to the community. They are generally given without a corresponding transfer of ownership rights and control to those who provided the money, to the community.


PROFIT (EXPLOITATION) MAXIMISING

In practice directors are generally required by owner-serving laws to act first and foremost in the interests of the owners, so that it is profit which is maximised. Short-term and long-term profits can be and are being maximised.

Profits are then maximised regardless of the cost and consequences to the community, limited only by the likelihood of unpleasant consequences such as restraining fines, punitive legal punishment or adverse publicity.

Profit margins and prices need to be controlled effectively so as to protect the community from exploitation. But they are not.


Owners and employers use inflation as an excuse for reducing real wages and salaries of the working population so as to increase profits.

And employees do not receive their share of the increasing national income and wealth. UK pensions, for example, would now have to be increased by 34 percent just to reach the level at which they should be.

Apparently owners and employers will, when they can, pressurise the working population into accepting even lower rates of pay by increasing the working population's needs. Doing so by advocating greater unemployment, reducing social security, reducing national health service provisions, weakening the quality of education (knowledge, clear thinking, understanding, objective evaluation).


Moneys saved by government by spending less on social security for those in need and moneys gained by collecting more tax from the working population, are apparently being used by owner-serving governments to reduce the taxes collected from the rich and from companies.


In addition, purchasing power is being transferred from the bottom to the top. It has been estimated that 10 percent of the UK population were sinking into direct poverty, any gains in income being overtaken by the increasing cost of living. The next 20 percent were losing out, were being reduced to relative poverty.

On the other hand the top 0.4 percent of the population took gains in take-home purchasing power which were 100 times those received by the general population. The large top-level remuneration has been increasing yearly for some years at up to four or five times the rate of inflation, increasing each year by amounts many times exceeding the average income of the working population.


So profits are apparently being maximised regardless of the cost to others, to the community. Without care or concern for the condition, standard of living or quality of life of the working population. Without being concerned about the enormous human suffering which results.

Overall, what we see are consequences of decisions made at the top, and the results of putting them into effect. Results and consequences which at times make the decisions seem so brutal that they appear inhuman.


AUTHORITARIAN STRUGGLE TO TAKE OVER AND CONTROL DECISION-TAKING BY TRANSFERRING IT TO LEADERS

Authoritarian minds attempt to take over and place democratically controlled organisations under authoritarian control. They do so by struggling to take over the decision-taking in the management and control of companies, enterprises and all types of community organisations.

The confrontation between on the one hand elected policy-making bodies, and on the other hand those who are supposed to put their policies into effect, can be seen in many areas.

We can see the struggle in all organisations and at all levels. It is a struggle against authoritarian management or government for the right to take decisions. And in all democratic organisations it is a struggle against the authoritarian mind taking over the decision-taking.

A continuous battle is taking place between on the one hand policy-deciding by the many through elected assemblies, and on the other hand policy-deciding at the top, by a few. This is clearly shown by the way in which full-time officials and executives attempt to take power away from their policy-setting assemblies, after which they attempt to impose their will on the membership or population.


The government's role of keeping the system in operation and of transferring such vast funds from the working population to leaderships, explains the intense struggle going on within political parties for control of decision-taking (policy-setting), with authoritarian minds attempting to concentrate decision-taking in the hands of the top-level party leadership.


These attempts to take over and control decision-taking processes are far more one-sided than would be the case if we were looking at unrelated chance events, at unrelated local struggles. At times the pattern seems progressive as if it were planned.


AGREEMENTS BETWEEN TOP-LEVEL LEADERSHIPS

Recently negotiated top-level trading agreements (GATT and the proposed MAI) appear to be taking away the control over key aspects of the internal affairs of participating countries. Taking control away from their elected governments, giving the control to multinational corporations.

But representatives, governments or government officials do not have the authority or right to reduce or sign away the participative (democratic) rights of the electors, of the population.

No elected representative, government or government employee has the authority

  1. to hand over to corporations (that is to those who own and control them), or to anyone else, an overriding control over the present or future, economic or social, welfare of the people, or

  2. to sign away the democratic rights of their people for the self-determination of key fundamental aspects of their lives.


It appears that the 'General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade' (GATT) serves the interests of multinationals, that is of those who own and control them, at the expense of the economic and social interests and welfare of individual countries, of their people, of their citizens.

And it would seem that the patent provisions of the GATT agreement are big-business-serving and arbitrary.


MAI stands for 'Multilateral Agreement on Investment'. But its name does not reflect those aspects which are of deep concern.

What is disturbing are not only the provisions of this proposed treaty but also that the provisions were debated in complete secrecy till a leaked copy became available on the Internet in 1997. Apparently it was adverse publicity relating to its restrictive provisions which delayed completion as concerned groups of citizens publicised their concerns. And some governments have now withdrawn their support.

It appears that under MAI the national governments would have handed over control, that is authority to act, over much of the economic and social welfare of their citizens to multinational corporations (that is to those who own and direct these corporations), if they had agreed to this treaty.

In other words, multinationals would have been given overriding authority over democratically elected governments.


Socially responsible and caring governmental legislation has to take precedence over the profit-motivated activities of corporations.


SECRECY AND PUBLICITY

We saw that the MAI's provisions were discussed in complete secrecy and that it was adverse publicity relating to its restrictive provisions which delayed completion of the MAI as concerned groups of citizens publicised their concerns. We also saw that consequently some governments withdrew support.

A company can serve as a front behind which those who take key decisions can hide, as a front for owners and directors.

And the most effective control of corporate irresponsibility appears to be fear of bad publicity, of public awareness of socially irresponsible company behaviour, of consequent impact on sales and market share.

Particularly so when publicity names those responsible for making antisocial decisions within the company or those responsible for condoning, or for omitting to restrain, the company's antisocial activities.




These studies have given us a clear and comprehensive picture of the way society is organised for exploiting people.

Private profits, wealth, influence and power are being maximised regardless of the cost to others, to the community. Without care or concern for the condition, standard of living or quality of life of the working population. Without being concerned about the enormous human suffering which results.

What we see are consequences of decisions made at the top, and the results of putting them into effect. Results and consequences which at times make the decisions seem so brutal that they appear inhuman.


We can see struggle in all organisations and at all levels. It is a struggle against authoritarian management or government for the right to take decisions. And in all democratic organisations it is a struggle against the authoritarian mind taking over the decision-taking.

And we also see that attempts to take over and control decision-taking processes are far more one-sided and widespread than would be the case if we were looking at unrelated chance events, at unrelated local struggles. At times the pattern seems progressive as if it were planned. Such a pattern cannot be due to chance alone and so confirms the underlying basis of the Group Mind theory, confirms the underlying conflicts and struggles described by it.


The Group Mind theory says that what happens at the conscious level is determined by what takes place at the subconscious group mind level. So that what happens, and the way society is organised, depends on struggle and confrontation at the subconscious level between telepaths (telepathic group minds).

This conflict and struggle is indeed reflected by the way in which we organise our affairs, by the extent to which our organisations are either authoritarian or participative.

So we are now aware of, and can observe, how underlying (subconscious) conflicts and struggles are reflected by the extent to which our organisations are either authoritarian or participative.



AUTHORITARIAN MANAGEMENT, LEADERSHIP AND GOVERNMENT

Here we are looking at hidden operations of telepaths sufficiently powerful to influence, to manipulate, people and who use their capabilities for personal gain to themselves, their associates and associated families. They would be struggling with each other for personal gain, power and influence over others, would set up systems for exploiting human beings, for dominating human beings so as to exploit them, and for struggling against those telepaths who oppose them.

As the number of telepaths is likely to be small compared with the rest of the population, only a small number of people at or near the top or in opinion-forming positions can be controlled or manipulated. So organisations would be created in which a single person, or a small number of individuals, are in control. Organisations in which decisions are made at the top or near the top and in which obedience to dictates passed down from the top is the rule.


DOMINATING INDIVIDUALS, STRUGGLING WITH EACH OTHER

Thoughts may be injected with such concentration or strength by one telepath that they would blanket out other thoughts or feelings originating from other telepaths, at least for a short time. Like a deep state of concentration. The strongest telepath has control, determines what is being thought or done. Then every telepathic confrontation becomes a trial-by-strength which is the deciding of an argument or quarrel by people fighting each other.

Trials by strength have always been unjust and misleading as brute strength or skill take the place of principles such as equality and fairness, justice and human rights, freedom and independence. Brute strength and skill serve to enrich a few telepaths, to give them wealth, power and control over people. The strongest telepath or telepaths impose their will so that might becomes 'right'. The strongest telepaths progress.

Of determining importance is the key characteristic, namely that the number of telepaths or people which a single telepath can directly control is limited to only a few. And the number of people a few telepaths or people can control or influence is small and limited.


So a society organised to enable telepaths to control and exploit people secretly would rely and depend on control by strength, on control and manipulation of one person or of only a few persons.

Their operations being hidden, there would be no punishments applied to prevent inhuman excesses. One would see viciously selfish and brutal exploitation of the population for personal (class or group) power and wealth. A telepathic ruling class would be in control, would rule and exploit.

The telepathic ruling class would control, rule and exploit to the extent of its power over people, to the extent to which people allowed themselves to be manipulated for the personal gain of telepathic manipulators.


What is said here agrees with our conclusions, answers the questions raised, explains what is taking place and fits the facts.


DOMINATING PEOPLE

In authoritarian organisations, authority is located at the top. It is orders which are passed down from above and the official's or manager's role is to pass orders down the 'chain of command'. Officials or managers are usually not expected to make decisions and so carry little responsibility. They issue orders and may compel people to do what is demanded from them. {4, 5}

When considering authority one wants to know where the right to command and the power to exact obedience come from. {4, 5}


A 'dictator' is a person with absolute power, with unrestricted authority. The source of his authority, and the way people are forced to obey, depend on the forces he commands. Authority is located at the top and rule is often brutal.

In a slave-owning society, some of its people are regarded as unfeeling unthinking production units and called slaves. The slave is forced to obey the master by means of master-serving ownership laws <1> and by force of economic necessity.

Those who rule may state their rule and power over others is of 'divine' origin <1>, meaning that they rule and will severely punish those who disobey.

Under man-made (owner-made, owner-serving) laws, authority is derived from ownership of the means of production and service. This applies to both private and state (public) ownership. Those who in the past gained power, wealth and possessions are in this way stating that what they have gained is theirs. The penalty for disobedience in the workplace is dismissal with consequent severe hardship.

People are forced to work through need, have to work to survive. They are in effect enslaved to the extent to which they are forced to accept poverty or survival existence in return for the work they do. {16}


The higher one looks the fewer is the number of those who control a company's or a country's destiny, and the number of those who are in positions which form the population's opinions. The fewer there are the easier it must be for telepaths to concentrate on these important few so as to control and manipulate them and thus the population. The fewer there are at the top, the more likely is it that they speak with the voice of telepathic manipulators.

A dictator would seem to be directly controlled by the most powerful telepath (or group of them) and it is under dictatorship that people are openly oppressed and exploited by their rulers.

If dictatorship is the form of organisation used by telepaths for oppressing the population so as to exploit them, then one would expect no basic differences between dictatorships of the right and of the left, and indeed there are none.


What we have seen is that systems of authoritarian rule and dictatorship correspond to telepathic manipulation, control and exploitation of the population for the personal power and gain of a relatively few strong telepaths. There is no noticeable difference.

Hence telepaths wishing to exploit people for personal power and gain would institute a system of control corresponding to might being right, would advocate and attempt to install authoritarian management, rule or dictatorship, in all institutions at all levels, they would struggle to control those who are in positions of power, who decide and dispense patronage.


People in the ruling class have the free time which would be needed to control others. They do not keep fixed hours, are 'their own masters'. Their business work may only occupy a few mornings a month when working as part-time directors. When retiring they have even more leisure time, no money worries and the good health money helps to maintain.

Also gaining may be those in key positions who can be manipulated into serving, or who are aware of, telepathic manipulation and who allow themselves to be used by these relatively few and corrupt telepaths.


OBEDIENCE TO AUTHORITY

A telepathic ruling class would attempt to persuade or manipulate people into serving the ruling class, into doing whatever they are to do, without questioning or objecting.

There would then be those who would blindly obey what may be unreasonable and vicious instructions, blind to independent thought and feeling, blind to overriding humane considerations and moral codes of humane behaviour.


Organisations which demand from or condition their members towards unquestioning unrestrained obedience to dictates passed down from the top, threaten freedom and democracy. By controlling or manipulating the few individuals at the top, such organisations can be used, or turned, against the welfare and interests of ordinary people.

It appears that unquestioning obedience under normal circumstances corresponds to mental enslavement.


POWER CORRUPTS

Wealth brings power over people and resources, power brings wealth and influence. Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely.


The closer one gets to the top of an organisation, the more this becomes apparent. The closer one gets to the top, the more difficult it is to tell the individual concerned that the problems which have arisen are his fault, without risking demotion or being fired.

So those at or close to the top become more and more convinced that their ideas and decisions are infallible and soon lose touch with reality. To them it appears as if the organisation is unsuccessful or destructive because their subordinates are incompetent or failed to do as told. They then begin to compel people to serve and obey and the organisation becomes more authoritarian which makes matters worse.


Authoritarian rule does not work, leads to excesses, is destructive of human rights and values. And this process appears to be a reflection of, the result of, telepathic compulsion and manipulation aimed at exploiting ordinary people.


Telepaths exploiting ordinary people struggle with each other for wealth and power by manipulating ordinary people and each other to the extent to which they are able to do so. Some are stronger or more skilled than others and become more powerful. They are 'deciding what other people are to do, making them do it' for the personal gain of themselves and their associates, for personal power and wealth.

Their manipulations are hidden, people do not suspect what is taking place, there are no penalties. So authoritarian organisations are installed and controlled to exploit, to oppress so as to exploit, regardless of the emotional and physical suffering of ordinary people.

Such manipulators are likely to see themselves as powerful beings who are secretly exploiting ordinary people with the help of weaker telepaths or associates, like farmers cropping and fleecing sheep with the help of sheepdogs.


Powerful telepaths engaging in such practices see their might as being right, become more powerful, begin to see themselves as more 'god'-like. They become more corrupt because restraining penalties or retribution by other telepaths appear less likely.

Enriching themselves, gaining personal power and wealth, by exploiting (cropping) ordinary people with cold indifference to their ultimate fate. Like farmers cropping animals: indifferent to their ultimate fate but concerned about the yield of the crop. With the inhuman vicious brutality we have seen used against ordinary people in authoritarian regimes, in dictatorships. And in democracies with results and consequences which at times make the decisions seem inhuman.


The weaker the opposition, the greater the power and single-mindedness of the ruling class, the greater the corruption. Well-known examples are Nazi and Japanese atrocities during the Second World War, the suffering of Biafrans in Nigeria, Khmer Rouge atrocities in Cambodia, the use of torture.

Under such circumstances people have to struggle for a better life as otherwise the ruling class would corrupt absolutely, almost unimaginably so. This explains the world-wide struggle we see for a better life.

A struggle for a better life, for socially responsible and humane behaviour, for equality, freedom, independence. Where gains have been made we see that people matter, are important, come first. We see co-operation and teamwork between people, and between people and community. We see participative organisation, management and leadership.

The following section describes the way in which the telepathic group mind underlies participative (democratic) organisations and their internal conflicts, struggles and successes.



PARTICIPATIVE MANAGEMENT, LEADERSHIP, GOVERNMENT

We saw that humane behaviour is based on feelings of care and affection for the young and for the family, and then for other people and the community. From this emerges a sense of social responsibility: people matter and are important, need to be treated well and looked after. All backed by knowledge, understanding and reason which aim to serve and strengthen the prime motivation of human beings for human rights and welfare and enable people to co-operate with each other for the common good. <11>

Interested or concerned telepaths co-operate and communicate, sharing knowledge and experience with each other and with people who are unaware of what is taking place. This process of co-operation, of sharing knowledge, understanding and experience, underlies our scientific and technological advance and social progress. It also underlies participative (democratic) management, leadership and government. There is no conflict within the mind when reason and emotion both aim to achieve humane (human) behaviour and existence. {17: Part 1}

It appears that most telepaths co-operate with each other and with unaware people (who are unaware of the existence of telepaths and of their activities) towards achieving humanity's prime aims of freedom and independence and a good life of high quality here and now.


But there are those telepaths who dominate and exploit human beings by misinforming, misleading and manipulating people, doing so for personal gain to themselves and their associates. They are opposed by other telepaths, there is conflict and hidden struggle.

We saw that conflicts arise within the mind when people are misinformed or misled into inhuman behaviour, and when they are being manipulated through their emotions into behaving inhumanly without knowing why they are doing so (such as blindly doing as told or as directed by the top).

It is opposition from dominating and exploiting telepaths and their associates which underlies and accounts for lack of progress in social relations and human welfare. Where a better standard of living and quality of life has been achieved, as in democratic countries, it appears to have resulted from struggling and gaining against dominating and exploiting telepaths.

It is this conflict, this hidden struggle, which explains why we have to struggle for a better life, world-wide, in all organisations and at all levels. A struggle for participative (democratic) living to enable telepaths and people to co-operate with each other for a better life and living.


THE MEANING OF 'DEMOCRACY' {21}

Participative (democratic) organisation <6> rests on the population electing representatives, on the basis of each person having one vote. Representatives are responsible to, and accountable to, the population for putting into effect policies decided by the population.

What underlies participative organisation (democracy) is decision-taking by the people at the level of the people.

What needs to be stressed is that in a participative (democratic) organisation policies are decided by a well-informed population at the level of the population and that policies then become binding on management or government.


In an authoritarian organisation the policy decisions are taken at the top or near the top by the hierarchy (establishment) and are binding on the organisation's members. Decision-taking at the top is sometimes referred to as 'deciding centrally'. We see secretive top-level decision-taking. Authoritarian organisation is the opposite of democracy and underlies dictatorship.

And what we see is conflict between authoritarian minds wishing to dominate, control and exploit on the one hand and, on the other hand, citizens wishing to maintain and improve the standard of living and quality of life for the population as a whole by democratic (grassroots level) decision-taking.

So the real struggle is not between political left and right, but is a struggle for participation (the right to take decisions).


PARTICIPATIVE ORGANISATION

The manager's job is to back his subordinate by removing obstacles from the subordinate's path, the subordinate asking for assistance as the need arises {5}. The elected representative puts into effect the decisions made by the electors, that is policy set by the electors {21}.

Experts advise the population about what should, can or cannot be done and about likely consequences either way. Note that people are not told by experts what they must do. The role of experts is to advise. <7>

There is open, transparent decision-taking at all levels, anonymity-guaranteed whistle blowing, access to publicity for concerned citizens. <8>

Policies, that is what has to be done and by when it has to be done, are decided by the population and at the level of the population.

People have the right to exercise their power. As employees by withdrawing their labour, for example by going on strike. As citizens by withdrawing co-operation from the government by protesting, demonstrating, withdrawing support, by replacing the government. Being fully supported by the community when doing so.

The extent to which an organisation is participative can be judged by the extent to which these requirements are met. {1, 4}


What underlies participative organisation is decision-taking by the many, by the people. This enables telepaths to co-operate with each other and with unaware people, in local group minds, contributing knowledge, understanding and experience for the benefit of the community as a whole. The overall decision is then arrived at by the voting process which combines the results of all local discussions of reasons for and against.

What we see is conflict between authoritarian telepathic minds wishing to dominate, control and exploit, and humane telepaths wishing to maintain and improve the standard of living and quality of life for the population as a whole.


Participative organisation and co-operation result in economic success. More participative countries have a higher standard of living than those with more authoritarian forms of government. Higher by about three times. {4}

A move towards greater centralisation, towards more authoritarian government, corresponds to a more restricted life and lower standard of living. A move towards greater participation corresponds to a higher quality of life and a higher standard of living. {4}

Take the USA. A democratic country with high standard of living, a country of great contrasts. Great poverty and suffering, great riches. Much oppression but there is no doubt about the way the population is enabled to struggle and is struggling to achieve a better life for themselves and their children, about their appreciation of the value of democracy (participation) and its principles. A people who have been, and are, achieving much.



FORMING AND MANIPULATING PUBLIC OPINION

In democratic countries people can struggle openly for freedom, independence and good life against the manipulations of the ruling level, of the telepathic ruling level.

Telepaths wishing to exploit people would advocate and attempt to install authoritarian management, rule or dictatorship, in all institutions at all levels.

There being only relatively few of them, they would struggle to control and manipulate those who are in positions of power and who decide and dispense patronage, and those in opinion-forming positions, so as to mould public opinion by misleading, misinforming and manipulating people.


Mass media can in effect condition people away from humane reasonable behaviour towards unreasonable emotional behaviour.

Democracy rests on educated citizens who have access to facts, who can form opinions based on facts, who think and reason while guided by humane principles, who take nothing for granted. So a core consideration is the extent to which behaviour is based on reasonable emotions, that is on emotions which can be justified from point of view of human (humane) behaviour.

Conditioning towards emotion-based unreasonable behaviour thus attacks democracy's foundations. Behaviour based on unreasonable emotions <9> in effect keeps oppressed people enslaved, often acting against their own interests in favour of the ruling level. To that extent such media conditioning would have the effect of conditioning people towards accepting manipulation and into behaving against their own interests as if it were natural behaviour originating within themselves. <12>

This again appears to point to the ruling level as being behind the manipulative process. The process is so widespread that it again seems to point towards the involvement of antisocial telepathic manipulation.


Examples of misleading, misinforming and manipulating:

Rewarding service to the rulers and their associates instead of service to the people, to the community. For example, nurses, teachers and fire-fighters are paid only poorly except when in opinion forming or determining positions in their professions.

Owner-serving experts may be spreading political and conditioning propaganda dressed up to look like valid knowledge. In fields such as economics, sociology and employer-employee relations.


The population may be manipulated by 'role-models' into behaving in ways which corrupt the population and weaken the population's resistance to telepathic manipulation.

'Role-models' may be encouraging emotional behaviour and responses inappropriate to actual situations.

Creativity may be rewarded only if it serves the rulers, for example by enriching employers or by corrupting (weakening) the population.


Spreading the idea that the ultimate aim of men and women is to serve an employer or state, to have a career, to get paid more by increasing the employer's profits. Instead of working for one's family, community, people. {15}

Trying to persuade people that being exploited, poverty and hardships, are part of normal life and living, that reward is likely to be gained at some time in the distant future. Like "jam yesterday and jam tomorrow - but never jam today."


Promoting, condoning and spreading policies which increase the people's needs in various ways. Such as behaviour which breaks up families {15} and thus weakens the population.

Dividing the population by turning them against each other by, for example, turning men against women and women against men. {15}

The human brain communicates with the brain's older and more primitive parts by using images {14}. Hence the brutalising effect of continually repeated visual violence and sex sequences. And hence the weakening and brutalising of society by condoning, publishing, treating as normal and even encouraging cruelty, viciousness, crimes against individuals, promiscuity and abnormal sexual practices and behaviour. Proceeding step by step towards more extreme behaviour whenever a step has been made in that direction. A process which has been applied for some decades with weakening and destructive effects which are now obvious.



ARTISTS AND WRITERS SPEAK

Artists and writers were as far back as twenty-five years ago listing and describing the underlying realities of life and living. The media were even then exposing to public view the hidden reality of closely-knit economic, financial and social organisation for the exploitation of ordinary people

There is a big difference in feeling between creatively and intuitively writing about what may be telepathic manipulation and exploitation of people, and objectively analysing and reporting on the corresponding way society is organised for exploiting people. Both are aspects of the same reality and compliment each other to give a better and more comprehensive view and understanding of what is taking place.


There are films, plays, cartoons and documentaries, which apparently portray and discuss how a telepathic ruling level attempts to dominate and exploit humane telepaths and the population. Creative writers, artists and producers seem to have described and portrayed the hidden manipulations <10> quite clearly.

They illustrate the extent to which what is happening in the world around us, agrees with and closely follows the telepathic group mind theory.

The seven plays, films and cartoons reviewed in Appendix 1 appear to describe and illustrate clearly the methods used by what appears to be the telepathic ruling level. The examples date to about twenty-five years ago when such descriptions seem to have been more direct than now.

Again and again we see in these examples that opponents of the ruling level are 'mysteriously' manipulated, absorbed or attacked by the ruling level, that is by what appears to be a telepathic ruling level's hidden manipulation of 'ordinary' people and society, as can be seen from the following comments and extracts from Appendix 1:


'THE RULING CLASS'

This apparently illustrates how the telepathic ruling level inhumanly attempts to dominate its own members into conforming and also to subdue and terrorise the population.


'THE HALLELUJAH HANDSHAKE'

Seems to show church establishments more concerned with their own affairs to the extent of not supporting clergy who believe in caring for believers in need. Apparently the point is being made that this seems so widespread that it is unlikely to be due to chance alone.


'CHARLIE BUBBLES'

Seemingly conditions teenagers against their parents. Such conditioning creates a generation gap, distancing children from parents whose first concern would be the welfare of their children. And when combined with conditioning into unreasonable emotional behaviour, makes the young more liable to behave in ways which are harmful to themselves.


'THE HAND'

Shows how hidden telepathic manipulation compels an artist into glorifying the manipulators. The film can be taken as an almost open indictment of persecution and telepathic manipulation of persons by telepaths and of the way artists may be misused.


'THE SEAT'

Shows how those who struggle their way up to become part of an establishment become absorbed, begin to speak with its voice, tend to forget the interests of the people and serve the establishment.

The film seems to attempt to show how a telepathic ruling level rules the people in an authoritarian country through a political party. It applies equally well to organisations in democratic countries.


'CITIZEN KANE'

It appears that events and lives are shown as if they were caused by the telepathic ruling level, as if they were manipulated.

Those who try to come between a telepathic ruling level and its workers, the ruling level would attempt to isolate by pushing them out of situations of responsibility and power. And personal loneliness would rob them of the emotional support and strength a family would give.


'THE FORGOTTEN FACTOR'

Like 'The Seat' above, this play also appears to make the point that those who become part of an establishment become absorbed, begin to speak with the establishment's voice, tend to forget the interests of the people and serve the establishment.

It appears as if a telepathic ruling level in this case is presenting its own selfish political ideas and thought injection as if they came from 'god' by claiming divine origin for thoughts which pop up in people's heads. Apparently to give politically motivated thoughts an appearance of divine wisdom and authority which ordinary people could not hope to understand but which they ought to follow.




What we have seen in Part 2 (Manipulated Communities and Populations) is how the workings of telepathic group minds affect and determine the way groups of people work and live as well as our opinions. Part 3 (Manipulated Individuals) looks at how telepathic manipulations can affect us as individuals.




Appendix 1

CREATIVE WRITERS, ARTISTS AND PRODUCERS DESCRIBE AND PORTRAY

It seems that as far back as twenty-five years ago there were creative writers, artists and producers who described and portrayed the hidden manipulations. What follows are descriptions of such creative works, including comments on how their works appear to be describing ruling class and telepathic manipulations and control.


'THE RULING CLASS'

The play 'The Ruling Class' shows {6} how 'insane' son succeeds 'insane' father to a peerage. The son's insanity consists of his identifying himself with suffering people elsewhere, feeling and sharing their suffering, which seems like an almost direct statement of his being in telepathic communication with the oppressed, of his feeling sympathy for them. He believes he is 'god', that he is part of that which does good. In darkness a large black beast wrestles with his spirit and subdues, conquers and controls it. From then on he seems to be controlled by a telepathic ruling class group mind, here apparently personified as the black beast, and one would expect his feelings of sympathy for the underdog to disappear. The play shows this to be so. His outward behaviour becomes a little more reasonable and he attempts to hide his 'insanity'. He now joins the ruling class and acts according to its ideas of 'sanity', is declared sane because he and his examiner both went to the same 'public' school.

He murders the women who love and help him, getting away with it by blaming an old family servant who happens to have anti-ruling class political opinions. We see him turn a youth against the youth's own father. We see him persuading the psychiatrist who had treated him that any difference in opinion between them can only be due to the psychiatrist's own madness. He finally speaks in the House of Lords, brutally referring to the need for ruling through fear and terror, on the need for the death penalty. At this point he is acclaimed a worthy leader among leaders, a good member of the ruling class.

But a ruling class which drives its subjects through fear of punishment uses means such as unemployment and the death penalty to enforce its rule. His compassion and tolerance towards the population, his concern for their welfare, counteract these means and thus are seen by the ruling class as actions against their interest. Members of the ruling class, acting together, take into account only class interest, and he is the odd man out, is behaving abnormally according to the way the ruling class expects its members to behave.

Mind battles with mind. The ruling class mind wins and from then on he slides into behaviour which is accepted by the ruling class as normal. To me this is clearly a battle between opposing group minds, between opposing telepathic group minds, and the behaviour he slides into is apparently that which the telepathic ruling class considers to be normal.

Having been officially declared 'sane' by an old boy from his public school, he murders the women who love and help him, getting away with it by blaming an old family servant who happens to be anti-establishment. In other words, he is now a member of the ruling class and behaves accordingly. Putting class interest above all other considerations, he murders the women who helped him and passes the blame to those who are against his class, using the ruling class network of old boys to protect himself against accusations.

The play similarly shows the ruling class turning children against their parents. The play also appears to show the ruling class eliminating those psychiatrists who do not hold their views, making the point that psychiatry can be used as a means of ensuring that people accept as normal the kind of behaviour that suits the ruling class. The point is also being made that the ruling class rules through fear and terror.


'THE HALLELUJAH HANDSHAKE'

The play 'The Hallelujah Handshake' {9} shows Henry, wishing to help those in need, joining church after church, each time putting all the energy he has into helping its community. But when he does his job well, the church's establishment turns against him, no matter the Christian denomination of the church. In the end he is branded a thief by his priest because he takes money from the establishment to help the needy. Those he has helped are silent. Henry, the priest, those whom he helped, could all have spoken up. They do not speak in his defence and he is found guilty.

This apparently shows that they did not speak up because their minds were blanketed.


'CHARLIE BUBBLES'

A successful writer, a 'working-class chap', returns {10} from an evening out to his luxurious home but the two servants are 'father and mother' figures and immediately start to nag, wanting to know when writer and guest will be going out, when they will be coming back, that good food is being spoiled because they do not tell, and so on. So the writer shoots at a television picture of one of them with a toy pistol.

To me it seems that the whole sequence could not more effectively condition teenagers against their parents if it had been designed for this purpose. Further examples are films which appeal purely to the emotion, there generally being no clear story, logical thread or message apart from self-advertisement or inducing emotional responses. Older people, and to the young this means 'your parents', those who 'advise you' or 'tell you what to do' are made out to be fools who do not know what they are talking about, who should be ignored.

Such sequences in films and on television are apparently used to condition teenagers against their parents, to turn them artificially against their parents, against learning from the accumulated experience of their parents and elders, and resulting behaviour is then said to have been caused by a 'generation gap'. The term is used to explain away emotional unreasonable behaviour, to explain away the result that another generation has been conditioned to allow itself to be manipulated.

It is known that children from families where either one or both parents are held in disrespect are more likely to be delinquent than those from united families.

Young people then respond emotionally towards their parents, against accepting advice that would help them, into adopting a course of action that would reduce their chances to do well later on in life, may indeed spoil their future for good. Such emotional response harms the child and thus hurts the parent. As always, when looking at such situations one asks 'who benefits' so as to find the source: As far as I can see only those benefit who wish to weaken the moral fibre and strength of the population, who wish to weaken society so as to make it easier to rule. In other words, it would seem that this example illustrates how a telepathic ruling level manipulates the young, telepathic manipulation being hidden under the thin cover of emotional response.


'THE HAND'

The Czech cartoon "The Hand" {8} shows hands as ghostly manipulators, persecuting the professional and craftsman who wants to get on with serving people, with producing good quality and useful work for ordinary people. The cartoon shows him being manipulated like a puppet on strings.

If he serves the manipulators through producing useless statues glorifying them, then he is given fame.

But if he spends his life chasing after a little beauty, happiness and professional satisfaction, then he is harassed. He has lives on hope, but reward is given only after his death when it cannot do him any good.

He is given fame after his death but only after his work has been twisted into the manipulators' 'image', that is, remade or reinterpreted to condition others to serve the manipulators.

This film seems to parallel what is experienced by many people. The 'ghostly' (one could equally well put 'telepathic') manipulators apparently represent a ruling level which uses hidden fear and manipulation to compel people to serve it. In this case the artist is being bullied into glorifying the manipulators, into conditioning others to love the manipulator. The film can be taken as an almost open indictment of persecution and telepathic manipulation of persons by telepaths and of the way artists may be misused.

Apparently this cartoon describes how monetary success depends on the extent to which an artist's work assists in conditioning the population to serve the ruling level, depends on the extent to which he succeeds in keeping people from thinking about the harsh conditions of their existence and about who really benefits. And on the extent to which his work tranquillises the population, giving it hope of better times or life to come when there really is no hope, and on the extent to which he demoralises the population by persuading them to accept antisocial (for example criminal or promiscuous) activities, weakening the population to reduce likelihood of opposition.


'THE SEAT'

The Polish cartoon 'The Seat' {7} shows one spare seat on the ruling level table. The rulers are represented by blue men. The mass of the population or workers fills the hall, a mass of brown men. There is a lot of competition for the spare seat. A fierce struggle develops and one brown man finally gets the spare seat by eliminating his nearest competitor. He takes his seat, all brown men applaud, but he changes: while his label remains brown, he turns blue. He has been absorbed, become one of 'them', one of the blue ruling level.

The film seems to refer to communist party rule and so throws light on how the party is ruled from above. It shows how those who struggle their way up to become part of an establishment become absorbed, begin to speak with its voice, tend to forget the interests of the people and serve the establishment.

So the film seems to attempt to show how a telepathic ruling level rules the people in an authoritarian country through a political party. It applies equally well to organisations in democratic countries.


'CITIZEN KANE'

People's lives are determined by their thoughts and it is said that the good do suffer. 'Citizen Kane' {12} provides a clue to the cause of their suffering. The upstart who gains capital and then uses it to fight the big companies, to fight the ruling level, ends his life amongst his riches in utter loneliness, among the cold unemotional statues with which he has surrounded himself.

The ruling level exploits the working level. The ruling level would then attempt to punish those who speak up and act against it.

Those who try to come between a telepathic ruling level and its workers, the ruling level would attempt to isolate by pushing them out of situations of responsibility and power. And personal isolation and loneliness would rob them of the emotional support and strength a family would give.


'THE FORGOTTEN FACTOR'

'The Forgotten Factor' {11} is a play about management and workers in industry. The message is that it is the will of 'god' that management and union leadership should get together and negotiate while trusting each other. Management should trust the union leader because he is stopping his men from organising militant action which could compel management to yield better terms to the men. The manager's son starts to bring manager and union leader together because "thoughts keep on popping up" in his head asking him to do so. The union leader, in the end, apologises for having fought and hated the manager. Working men and women are portrayed as a rowdy rabble.

This is a play and the author's story seem to be a comment on employer/worker relationships. But what is happening in the story appears to describe how a telepathic ruling level could manipulate or control its workforce.

'Thoughts keep on popping up' in the head of the manager's son. While we are expected to believe that these are sent by 'god', a much more appropriate, a much more likely, explanation would be that the voices were injected by a telepathic ruling level to make key people behave in a way which favours the ruling level.


Voice hearers need to assess what they hear by humane (human) principles of behaviour of care, affection and concern for their fellow human beings and the need to struggle for a better life.

But the thoughts (voices) which keep on 'popping up', are on the side of profit-motivated management. They are on the side of what could be an oppressing and exploiting employer and so appear to advocate behaviour against the interests and welfare of the workforce.

However, these voices (thoughts) here refer to themselves as coming from 'god', which seems to be intended to give their pronouncements an appearance of goodwill and authority which they would not otherwise have.

It appears as if the ruling level in this case presents its own selfish political ideas and thought injection as if they came from 'god' so as to cloak them with a corresponding wisdom and authority which ordinary people could not hope to understand but which they ought to follow.



NOTES AND REFERENCES


NOTES

< 1>     By means of laws which are master-made but which may be called religion-based while master-serving
     
< 2>   Since I discovered this and published my findings {1} there have been isolated instances of co-operatives moving towards giving their members a better deal.
     
< 3>   For a comprehensive discussions of the electing, appointing and appraisal of managers, directors and elected representatives, of the right to ownership, the right to know, the right to be heard, and of work, pay and differentials, see {1}.
     
< 4>   See Part 1 {17}: Effects and Consequences
     
< 5>   See Part 1 {17}: Manipulated Middle Class
     
< 6>   Extracts taken from {21} which discusses the meaning of democracy, and necessary requirements, in more detail. See also <3>.
     
< 7>   See 'Corrupted Economics and Misleading Experts' and {18}
     
< 8>   See {1}
     
< 9>   For example, the emotional reaction of the young towards primitive 'beat' music appears to have been fostered and deepened, after first inducing it. Primitive-beat programmes seem aimed at the young and show sequences of flashing lights and quick successions of often unrelated scenes. Unrelated short scenes, which tell no story, are flashed on so quickly as to have no clear meaning or story, thus clouding a person's judgement and drawing attention away from negative and destructive meaning and away from the quality of what is being said, sung or played. The person is thus prevented from concentrating on, evaluating and condemning, from attempting to look for meaning, sense or quality. The person's critical faculties are bypassed and a reaction is induced which is unrelated to apparent content. 'Reaction is induced' means that apparently the individual can in this way be made to think and act unreasonably, and may then soon get used to thinking and acting unreasonably, thus getting used to being manipulated. The process thus conditions people towards accepting manipulation as if it were natural behaviour originating within oneself.
     
<10>   Writers, artists and producers may not be aware of what the work they are producing is actually saying about the hidden subconscious world.
     
<11>   Part 1 {17} quoting from {14}
     
<12>   See {17} Part 3: 'Manipulated Individuals: Behaviour'


REFERENCES

{ 1}     Co-operatives and Co-operation: Causes of Failure, Guidelines for Success
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{ 2}   Motivation Summary
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{ 3}   The Will to Work: What People Struggle to Achieve
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{ 4}   Style of Management and Leadership
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{ 5}   Role of Managers under Different Styles of Management
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{ 6}   The Ruling Class.
Play by Peter Barnes. On stage in London, 1969.
     
{ 7}   The Seat. Polish cartoon.
Contemporary Films
(Everyman, London, 1969).
     
{ 8}   The Hand.
Czech film: Cartoon
(London 1968/69)
     
{ 9}   The Hallelujah Handshake
Play by Colin Welland
(TV BBC 1 17/12/1970).
     
{10}   Charlie Bubbles
Film, 1969.
     
{11}   The Forgotten Factor.
Play by Alan Thornhill.
     
{12}   Citizen Kane
Film, Orson Welles.
     
{13}   Community Economics: Principles
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{14}   How the Human Brain Developed and How the Human Mind Works
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{15}   Family, Sex and the Individual
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{16}   The Right to Strike
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{17}   The Human Mind:
     
    Part 1: The Human Group Mind and How It Works
     
    Part 2: Manipulated Communities and Populations
     
    Part 3: Manipulated Individuals
     
    Part 4: Overcoming Corrupt Manipulations: Freedom, Liberty and Good Life
     
    Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{18}   Corrupted Economics and Misguiding Experts
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{19}   Understanding How Society is Organised for Controlling and Exploiting People
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{20}   Taxing the Population for Private Profit
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{21}   Democracy Under Attack: Top-level Leadership and Decision-taking
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{22}   What People are Struggling Against
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/
     
{23}   Using Words to Communicate Effectively
Manfred Davidmann
http://www.solhaam.org/



Relevant Current and Associated Works

Other relevant current and associated reports by Manfred Davidmann:
     
     
Title   Description
     
How the Human Brain Developed and How the Human Mind Works   Describes clearly what happens while sleeping, role of dreaming, meaning of dreams. Functioning of the two halves of the human brain is related to the autonomic nervous and the immune systems. Shows how human behaviour is affected by primitive instincts.
     
Motivation Summary   Reviews and summarises past work in Motivation. Provides a clear definition of 'motivation', of the factors which motivate and of what people are striving to achieve.
     
The Will to Work: What People Struggle to Achieve   Major review, analysis and report about motivation and motivating. Covers remuneration and job satisfaction as well as the factors which motivate. Develops a clear definition of 'motivation'. Lists what people are striving and struggling to achieve, and progress made, in corporations, communities, countries.
       
What People are Struggling Against: How Society is Organised for Controlling and Exploiting People   Report of study undertaken to find out why people have to struggle throughout their adult lives, in all countries, organisations and levels, to maintain and improve their standard of living and quality of life. Reviews what people are struggling against.
     
Family, Sex and the Individual; Women's Liberation, Feminism and Community   This report investigates casual sex and its effects on individuals, family and community. It examines the role of the family in bringing up children and relates dominance and confrontation within the family to that in the working environment.
     
Social Responsibility, Profits and Social Accountability   Incidents, disasters and catastrophes are here put together as individual case studies and reviewed as a whole. We are facing a sequence of events which are increasing in frequency, severity and extent. There are sections about what can be done about this, on community aims and community leadership, on the world-wide struggle for social accountability.
     
Social Responsibility and Accountability: Summary   Outlines basic causes of socially irresponsible behaviour and ways of solving the problem. Statement of aims. Public demonstrations and protests as essential survival mechanisms. Whistle-blowing. Worldwide struggle to achieve social accountability.

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Relevant Subject Index Pages and Site Overview


The Site Overview page has links to all individual Subject Index Pages which between them list the works by Manfred Davidmann which are available on the Internet, with short descriptions and links for downloading.

To see the Site Overview page, click Overview

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Copyright    ©    1998    Manfred Davidmann
All rights reserved worldwide.

History
20/12/98 Completed
08/03/99 To Website
21/03/99 Parts 2 and 3: Title changed; Added note about Part 4.
02/06/02 Added 'Relevant Current and Associated Works'